These are 5 co-morbidities that are always present during the rainy season

batampos- General practitioner dr. Kristanti Diliasari from Pondok Indah Hospital said co-morbidities that appear in the rainy season are caused by colder air temperatures than usual.
Cold temperatures make it easier for viruses to multiply and move. Meanwhile, the human immune system works weaker in cold temperatures. As a result, the virus is easier to infect the body.

Illustration of rainy season disease (ANTARA/Pexels)

In addition, the presence of floods as a medium for the spread of bacteria and viruses has also become faster than usual.

In addition, dr. Kristanti mentioned several types of diseases that often lurk during the rainy season, including:

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Acute respiratory infections (ARI)
ARI is an upper or lower respiratory tract disease that can cause various diseases, such as a cold cough, sore throat, to Covid-19. The high water content in the air supports a variety of harmful microorganisms to multiply faster than in warmer, drier climates.

Diarrhea
Diarrhea is a bowel movement disorder with soft or liquid consistency and intensity that is more frequent than usual. Diarrhea occurs due to bacterial or viral contamination in the digestive tract

In rainy and flooded conditions, factors that increase a person’s risk of developing diarrhea are lack of access to clean water, poor environmental sanitation, not maintaining personal hygiene, and consuming unhygienic food.

Typhoid fever
Typhoid fever is an acute disease caused by the bacterium Salmonella Typhi. These bacteria are usually found in contaminated food or drink. This bacterium can also be transmitted from an infected person.

Dengue fever
During the rainy season, there are still many puddles of rain left which are breeding grounds for mosquitoes, including the Aedes aegypti mosquito that carries the dengue virus. No wonder the number of dengue fever cases has increased again during the rainy season.

Leptospirosis
Leptospirosis is a disease caused by small spiral-shaped leptospira bacteria called spirochaetes. The bacteria that are spread through the urine of these mice can penetrate the skin or layers of the skin (mucosa) of normal humans.

This disease can cause yellowish skin, dry mucosa, high fever, headache, to diarrhea or constipation.

The rainy season is unavoidable, but it can be anticipated and prevented in order to avoid the accompanying diseases.

There are several things that must be considered so that the body’s health is maintained so as to reduce the risk of disease during the rainy season such as maintaining a balanced diet, taking vitamins regularly, and exercising.

In addition, it is also important to maintain quality sleep, manage stress, keep the body warm, keep the house clean, and get vaccinated.

Basically, maintaining endurance must be done at all times and made a habit, not only during the rainy season or the transition period. If you experience pain symptoms that cannot be treated, immediately consult the nearest clinic or hospital. (*)

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